Monday, November 12, 2012

1949 50c Definitive Official

 On January 23, 1949, the Bureau of Posts issued the 50c definitive official stamp.


Press Bulletin, January 3, 1949

The 50-centavo stamps, Republic Series, overprinted "O.B." in jet black will have its first day of issue January 23, 1949, on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary or Golden Jubilee of the formal inauguration of the short-lived "Philippine Republic" at the historic Barasonain Church, Malolos, Bulacan.

First Day of Issue Cachet

1899 -1949

The 50c official stamp was issued on January 23, 1949, the 50th anniversary of the creation of the First Philippine Republic at Malolos, Bulacan.

Creation of the First Republic

After the U.S. invasion of the Philippines during the Spanish-American war in 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo returned from exile and led Filipino forces against the Spanish. The rebels successfully conquered much of the Spanish-held ground within the Philippines and  declared independence from Spain. On January 23, 1899, the First Philippine Republic was established.

The Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan, was the site of the constitutional convention of 1898  that led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic on January 23, 1899 with Emilio Aguinaldo as its President.

End of the First Republic

Philippine independence was not recognized by the United States, and after the Philippines were ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898, war erupted between the U.S. and Aguinaldo's forces. The First Republic came to an end on April 1, 1901 when Aguinaldo swore an oath accepting the authority of the United States over the Philippines.

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